The misinformation problem, explained Sean Illing ... Misinformation that reaches a wide swath of society can have all sorts of downstream effects on attitudes and behavior. Order now and Get 10% Discount! Use Code "Newclient" The misinformation effect can be explained by. In one oft-cited study led by Elizabeth Loftus, people watched footage of a car accident.Later some were asked to estimate the speed at which the car was going when it hit the other car. The misinformation effect is a memory bias that occurs when misinformation affects people's reports of their own memory.. Alertness is a heightened awareness of the effects of misinformation. What are schemas and scripts, and how can they contribute to memory distortions? By being alert to them, the effects of misinformation are reduced. Others were asked how fast they thought the car was going when it smashed into the other. What is source confusion, and how can it distort memories? d. In 2010, misinformation researcher Ullrich Ecker and colleagues found that warning people about the effects of misinformation, such as the continued influence effect, can make them more alert. 2. The misinformation effect may be part of the explanation for why so many innocent defendants are put behind bars, especially in the USA (e.g., Kassin et al., 2010; Shaw & Porter, 2015). Because misinformation can lead to poor decisions about consequential matters and is persistent and difficult to correct, debunking it is an important scientific and public-policy goal. By recognizing what it looks like and where it comes from, experts say we can … 1. 4. What is the misinformation effect? The misinformation effect can be explained by a. the memory-trace replacement hypothesis. Misinformation may feel overwhelming, but there are ways to fight it, say those who study its pervasive reach. It has been shown that false memories can have far-reaching and dramatic consequences. The misinformation effect can be explained by a. schematic biases. retroactive interference ____ occurs when more recent learning impairs memory for something that happened … c. after the event. b. retroactive interference. b. during the event. Memory is a reconstructive process, which means memories are actively and consciously rebuilt when we are trying to remember certain things. d. all of these "Looking for a Similar Assignment? b. proactive interference. 3. The general occurrence of misinformation effects can be explained by activation-monitoring theory as a consequence of the fact that misinformation was experienced during a study, causing its representation in semantic memory to be active. This effect persisted for at least a week, and it was still found when headlines were accompanied by a fact-check warning or even when participants suspected it might be false. c. source monitoring. Repeated exposure can increase the sense that misinformation is true. The misinformation effect occurs when a person's memory for an event is modified by misleading information presented a. before the event. What is the lost-in-the-mall technique, and how does it produce false memories?