Use Best Practices to Design Data Center Facilities Michael A. The IT industry and the world in general are changing at an exponential pace. There are also many operational standards to choose from. Data center design and infrastructure standards can range from national codes (required), like those of the NFPA, local codes (required), like the New York State Energy Conservation Construction Code, and performance standards like the Uptime Institute’s Tier Standard (optional). Our experts will review your design documents and provide consulting support to guide a final design … Data center designers and operators rely on the Ethernet network cabling standard IEEE 802.3ba, as well as IEEE 802 standards, for local area networks such as IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN specifications. Should it have the minimum required by code? SOC2 criteria is based on the Trust … Leading data center design standards provide the best possible defense against physical data breaches with multiple layers of security that incorporate both physical and logical measures. It is a for-profit entity that will certify a facility to its standard, for which the standard is often criticized. Many companies will claim to provide “TIA” certification, but all they are really doing is an audit against the TIA “standards… Here’s a sample from the 2005 standard (click the image to enlarge): TIA has a certification system in place with dedicated vendors that can be retained to provide facility certification. Applicants of all diversities and backgrounds start from the Data Center Infrastructure Specialist (DCIS)® course, which teaches them the foundations of the data center, data center infrastructure, data center standards … In 2013, UI requested that TIA stop using the Tier system to describe reliability levels, and TIA switched to using the word “Rated” in lieu of “Tiers,” defined as Rated 1-4. modern data center. In the past, the most popular data center design standard is a data center with good power and cooling standard. Telecommunication Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers: This standard is more IT cable and network oriented and has various infrastructure redundancy and reliability concepts based on the Uptime Institute’s Tier Standard. To maximize network performance three parts of the infrastructure must be considered: the structured cabling, racks and cabinets, and cable management. Data Center Design and Implementation Best Practices by BICSI - The standard covers the major aspects of planning, design, construction, and commissioning of the MEP (Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing) building trades, as well as fire protection, IT installation and maintenance. The three major data center design and infrastructure standards developed for the industry include: This standard develops a performance-based methodology for the data center during the design, construction, and commissioning phases to determine the resiliency of the facility with respect to four Tiers or levels of redundancy/reliability. Tier Certification of Design Documents is based on a rigorous set of criteria covering mechanical, electrical, structural, and site elements, as defined in Tier Standard: Topology. For those with international facilities or a mix of both, an international standard may be more appropriate. Mr. Shapiro is the author of numerous technical articles and is also a speaker at many technical industry seminars. In 2013, UI requested that TIA stop using the Tier system to describe reliability levels, and TIA switched to using the word “Rated” in lieu of “Tiers,” defined as Rated 1-4. Where improved functionality is necessary for building a great data center, adaptability and flexibility are what contribute to increasing the working efficiency and productive capability of a data center. ANSI/BICSI 002-2019, BICSI's international best-seller, covers all major systems found within a data center. The data pathways must maintain a minimum separation from high voltage power and lighting in accordance with ANSI/TIA-469-B Standards (American National Standards Institute/Telecommunications Industry Association) and the University of Kansas Design and Construction Standards Division 27 for Telecommunication Systems. The origins of the Uptime Institute as a data center users group established it as the first group to measure and compare a data center’s reliability. Written by industry professionals from all major disciplines, this standard not only lists what a data center requires, but also provides ample recommendations on the best methods of implementing a design to fulfill your specific needs. Green certifications, such as LEED, Green Globes, and Energy Star are also considered optional. Code minimum fire suppression would involve having wet pipe sprinklers in your data center. Mr. Shapiro has extensive experience in the design and management of corporate and mission critical facilities projects with over 4 million square feet of raised floor experience, over 175 MW of UPS experience and over 350 MW of generator experience. Regardless of the standard followed, documentation and record keeping of your operation and maintenance activities is one of the most important parts of the process. We are going to focus on the major best practices - codes, design standards, and operational standards … Codes must be followed when designing, building, and operating your data center, but “code” is the minimum performance requirement to ensure life safety and energy efficiency in most cases. IDCA mission is to establish data center selection, design, implementation & operation guidelines, based on learned lessons of the past, realities of the present, and the road ahead. Industry guidance is on the way in the form of an emerging industry standard for data centers. Data center design, construction, and operational standards should be chosen based on definition of that mission. Data centers are growing at a rapid pace, not in size but also design complexity. We will discuss best practices with respect to facility conceptual design, space planning, building construction, and physical security, as well as mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection. Should it have the minimum required by code? His experience also includes providing analysis of critical application support facilities. About the author: Steven Shapiro has been in the mission critical industry since 1988 and has a diverse background in the study, reporting, design, commissioning, development and management of reliable electrical distribution, emergency power, lighting, and fire protection systems for high tech environments. TIA uses tables within the standard to easily identify the ratings for telecommunications, architectural, electrical, and mechanical systems. The data center is a dedicated space were your firm houses its most important information and relies on it being safe and accessible. Software management tools such as DCIM (Data Center Infrastructure Management), CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management System), EPMS (Electrical Power Monitoring System), and DMS (Document Management System) for operations and maintenance can provide a “single pane of glass” to view all required procedures, infrastructure assets, maintenance activities, and operational issues. A data center is going to probably be the most expensive facility your company ever builds or operates. The Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI) updated in 2019 by OMB Memo M-19-19 supersedes the previous DCOI created under OMB Memo M-16-19 and … We will review codes, design standards, and operational standards. Get in touch with a member of our professional Advisory, Design and Feasibility team to find out more about how Future-tech’s data centre engineering based consultancy services can help you to build the solid foundations required for your data centre project. Following appropriate codes and standards would seem to be an obvious direction when designing new or upgrading an existing data center. Data center designers and operators rely on the Ethernet network cabling standard IEEE 802.3ba, as well as IEEE 802 standards, for local area networks such as IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN … Therefore, we classify our data centers as meeting Tier 3 data center standards. Following appropriate codes and standards would seem to be an obvious direction when designing new or upgrading an existing data center. This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them. The overarching rule in data center facilities is to design for flexibility and scalability. Many aspects of this standard reflect the UI, TIA, and BCSI standards. Mr. Shapiro is the author of numerous technical articles and is also a speaker at many technical industry seminars. Standard 90.4-2019, Energy Standard for Data Centers, establishes the minimum energy-efficiency requirements for data center design and operation, with special consideration to their unique load requirements compared to other buildings. Data center tier standards objectify the design features of a particular facility based upon infrastructure design, capacities, functionalities and operational sustainability. The NFPA 75 is the Standard for the Fire Protection of Information Technology Equipment -- 2013 Edition - and focuses on data centers. Data Center Design and Implementation Best Practices: This standard covers the major aspects of planning, design, construction, and commissioning of the MEP building trades, as well as fire protection, IT, and maintenance. It is arranged as a guide for data center design, construction, and operation. Data Center Design and Implementation Best Practices: This standard covers the major aspects of planning, design, construction, and commissioning of the MEP building trades, as well as fire protection, IT, and maintenance. When companies began adopting high density configurations, virtualization and other methods to boost the capacity of existing IT equipment, they disregarded the need for a robust data center infrastructure to ensure uninterrupted business-critical applications. Expert understanding of data center design standard, and not-so-standard, practices. Bell Data centers seldom meet the operational and capacity requirements of their initial designs. Ratings/Reliability is defined by Class 0 to 4 and certified by BICSI-trained and certified professionals. When selecting HVAC equipment and designing a system specifically for data center cooling, the following three considerations must be top of mind:. Data Center Knowledge is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS) was created to enhance cardholder data security and facilitate the adoption of data security measures globally. Your facility must meet the business mission. The multi-tier model is the most common model used in the enterprise today. Here’s a sample from the 2005 standard (click the image to enlarge): TIA has a certification system in place with dedicated vendors that can be retained to provide facility certification. Introduction to EN 50600 – The European Data Center Standard CENELEC is designated as a European Standards Organization by the European Commission and is the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. www.ieee.org ISO: The International Organization for Standardization is an overarching international conglomeration of standards bodies. The Tiers are compared in the table below and can be found in greater definition in UI’s white paper TUI3026E. Designers must strike a balance between acceptable initial deployment costs and anticipated space required in the future. We will review codes, design standards, and operational standards. This series of articles will focus on the major best practices applicable across all types of data centers, including enterprise, colocation, and internet facilities. The requirement for seismic hardening of data centers … This design consists primarily of web, application, and database server tiers running … in the development of emerging international data centre standards • ISO/IEC JCT1 SC39 WG1 are responsible for the development of the ISO/IEC 30134 series of standards (data centre resource efficiency KPIs) • PUE / DCiE from The Green Grid now falls under ISO/IEC JCT1 SC39 and is now defined as ISO/IEC 30134-2 Data center design and infrastructure standards can range from national codes (required), like those of the NFPA, local codes (required), like the New York State Energy Conservation Construction Code, and performance standards like the Uptime Institute’s Tier Standard … The three major data center design and infrastructure standards developed for the industry include: This standard develops a performance-based methodology for the data center during the design, construction, and commissioning phases to determine the resiliency of the facility with respect to four Tiers or levels of redundancy/reliability. To be defined as Data Center Tier 1, a data center must adhere to the following: No more than 28.8 hours of downtime per annum. It is clear from past history that code minimum is not the best practice. As development was coordinated with ANSI/BICSI 002-2019, BICSI 009 contains all of the applicable operational materials developed within design standards prior to creating and expanding content for … The nature of your business will determine which standards are appropriate for your facility. Should it have the minimum required by code? And a good project manager prevents as many things from … Data center design should follow industry standards for best practices. Written by industry professionals from all major disciplines, this standard not only lists what a data center requires, but also provides ample recommendations on the best methods of implementing a design to fulfill your needs. These are standards that guide your day-to-day processes and procedures once the data center is built: These standards will also vary based on the nature of the business and include guidelines associated with detailed operations and maintenance procedures for all of the equipment in the data center. The data centers of these third parties, whether in high-risk areas or not, are especially compelling to hospital decision-makers when they have experience with the Seismic Safety Act and other forms of healthcare compliance. Tier 1 = Non-redundant capacity components (single uplink and servers). An international series of data center standards in continuous development is the EN 50600 series. About the author: Steven Shapiro has been in the mission critical industry since 1988 and has a diverse background in the study, reporting, design, commissioning, development and management of reliable electrical distribution, emergency power, lighting, and fire protection systems for high tech environments. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Best practices mean different things to different people and organizations. Providing a comprehensive coverage for best practice for data centres from design standards including Power, Cooling, Telecommunications and Security (including security against Fire) to Operations and Management standards and even recommendations for energy use reduction and sustainability. A data center is going to probably be the most expensive facility your company ever builds or operates. That is definitely not best practice. The location of the servers and other key equipment The data center should be designed with plenty of flexible "white space, " empty space that can accommodate future racks or cabinets. Select a cabling solution with co-engin… This series of articles will focus on the major best practices applicable across all types of data centers, including enterprise, colocation, and internet facilities. LEED, data center design standards Different data center industry groups are proposing new standards and guidelines that address the primary challenges in the design and ongoing … Not all facilities supporting your specific industry will meet your defined mission, so your facility may not look or operate like another, even in the same industry. Data center design, construction, and operational standards should be chosen based on definition of that mission. IDCA certified courses are based on a ladder elevation scheme. Audits can be conducted on one, multiple or all disciplines allowing organisations to start “small” and add more disciplines as and when required. International Standards Activity Based Upon EN 50600. BICSI has announced the release of two updated international data center standards, plus a new data center publication. Data centers have very specific HVAC needs that are different from most other industrial settings. Best practices mean different things to different people and organizations. Where improved functionality is necessary for building a great data center, adaptability and flexibility are what contribute to increasing the working efficiency and productive capability of a data center. Telecommunication Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers: This standard is more IT cable and network oriented and has various infrastructure redundancy and reliability concepts based on the Uptime Institute’s Tier Standard. Data centers are growing at a rapid pace, not in size but also design complexity. A standard designed for technology companies, including: data centers, IT managed services, SaaS vendors, cloud-computing based businesses and other technology. It covers planning, construction, commissioning, protection, management and maintenance of the data center, as well as … TIA-942 Data Center Standards Overview Site Space and Layout Proper space allocation for a data center starts with ensuring that space can be easily reallocated to changing environments and growth. But nowadays, people realize that this standard is no longer able to build up the efficiency in modern data center. Data center design should follow industry standards for best practices. Regardless of the standard followed, documentation and record keeping of your operation and maintenance activities is one of the most important parts of the process. This module lists requirements and … Codes must be followed when designing, building, and operating your data center, but “code” is the minimum performance requirement to ensure life safety and energy efficiency in most cases. Data center design and infrastructure standards can range from national codes (required), like those of the NFPA, local codes (required), like the New York State Energy Conservation Construction Code, and performance standards like the Uptime … The space surrounding the data center must also be … Best practices ensure that you are doing everything possible to keep it that way. Your facility must meet the business mission. The origins of the Uptime In… ANSI/BICSI 002-2019, BICSI's international best-seller, covers all major systems found within a data center. About the author: Mahalingam Ramasamy is the managing director of 4T technology consulting, a company specializing in data center design, implementation and certification. https://www.datacenterknowledge.com/sites/datacenterknowledge.com/files/logos/DCK_footer.png, The choice of standards should be driven by the organization’s business mission, Why the Supercomputer Sector May Bifurcate – Again, Remote Data Center Management Tools Must Learn to Play Together, Top500: Japan’s Fugaku Still the World’s Fastest Supercomputer, Intel’s Ice Lake Chips to Enable Confidential Computing on Data Center-Grade Servers, © 2020 Informa USA, Inc., All rights reserved, The Pandemic Struck, and Cyber Criminals Went to Work, Community Concerns Prompt Red Hat to Drop CentOS for CentOS Stream, Hackers Used SolarWinds, an Obscure Texas IT Vendor, to Attack Top US Agencies, GitHub Universe 2020 Delivers New DevOps Features, Google Services Including Gmail, YouTube Suffer Major Outage, Data Center and IT Trends to Watch in 2021, What Data Center Colocation Is Today, and Why It’s Changed, Everything You Need to Know About Colocation Pricing, Why Equinix Doesn't Think Its Bare Metal Service Competes With Its Cloud-Provider Customers, EN 50600-2-4 Telecommunications cabling infrastructure, EN 50600-2-6 Management and operational information systems, Uptime Institute: Operational Sustainability (with and without Tier certification), ISO 14000 - Environmental Management System, PCI – Payment Card Industry Security Standard, SOC, SAS70 & ISAE 3402 or SSAE16, FFIEC (USA) - Assurance Controls, AMS-IX – Amsterdam Internet Exchange - Data Centre Business Continuity Standard, EN50600-2-6 Management and Operational Information, Allowed HTML tags:

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